Cosa significa l’opzione di ricerca DNS in / etc / network / interfaces?

Qualcuno può spiegarmi la direttiva dns-search nel /etc/network/interfaces :

 iface eth0 inet static address 192.168.3.3 netmask 255.255.255.0 gateway 192.168.3.1 dns-search example.com dns-nameservers 192.168.3.45 192.168.8.10 

È obbligatorio? E come posso configurarlo?

dns-search determina quale dominio viene aggiunto per le ricerche DNS.

Normalmente specificherete qui lo stesso dominio restituito da hostname -f .

Per informazioni dettagliate vedere la seguente citazione da man resolv.conf :

  search Search list for host-name lookup. The search list is normally determined from the local domain name; by default, it contains only the local domain name. This may be changed by listing the desired domain search path following the search keyword with spaces or tabs separating the names. Resolver queries having fewer than ndots dots (default is 1) in them will be attempted using each component of the search path in turn until a match is found. For environments with multiple subdomains please read options ndots:n below to avoid man-in-the-middle attacks and unnecessary traffic for the root-dns-servers. Note that this process may be slow and will generate a lot of network traffic if the servers for the listed domains are not local, and that queries will time out if no server is available for one of the domains. The search list is currently limited to six domains with a total of 256 characters.